GHG Situation / GHG Reduction in Thailand


Thailand’s national statement on INDC

1. Thailand’s national statement on INDC at the 70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly New York

On 29 September 2015, H.E. General Prayut Chan-o-cha (Ret.), Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand made a statement at the 70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly New York that “Thailand intends to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent from the projected business-as-usual (BAU) level by 2030. The level of contribution could increase up to 25 percent, subject to adequate and enhanced access to technology development and transfer, financial resources and capacity building support through a balanced and ambitious global agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).”
   - Coverage: Economy-wide (Inclusion of land use, land-use change and forestry will be decided later
   - Gases: CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6
   - International market mechanism: Thailand […] will continue to explore the potentials of bilateral, regional and international market mechanisms as well as various approaches […], as appropriate.

2. Thailand’s national statement on INDC at COP21

On 30 November 2015, at the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21). Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha stated that Thailand has adopted the Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy as a way to carry out sustainable development in the country. He pointed out that changes in climate have caused impacts on all sectors, especially in developing countries. The global temperatures and sea level have increased and droughts have become severe. As a result, many people are not able to have access to clean water, while the agriculture sector has insufficient water for cultivation. This will affect food security, and already more natural disasters are being seen all over the world. The Prime Minister urged all countries to cooperate and provide assistance in the form of finance, technology transfer, and capacity-building in order to protect global natural resources. Efforts to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius or 2 degrees Celsius, should take into account the differences of each country, as well.

Thailand pledges a 20 to 25 percent reduction in its emission of greenhouse gases by 2030. The country has launched several environmental campaigns, especially those concerning garbage disposal and reforestation in ASEAN. It also promotes the use of eco-cars and electric trains and has a roadmap to reduce haze pollution.