Carbon Label / What is it?

What is it?

Background of the promotion and registration of CoolMode

Approximately 60 percent of electricity consumption in Bangkok and other large cities is mainly used for air conditioning. Today’s modern buildings all require air conditioning and people working in these buildings need to lower the temperature of air conditioner as their formal wear involves many pieces of clothing, such as suit or jacket, and the selection of fabrics is not designed from suitable fiber. Many countries have begun raising campaigns to increase the temperature of air conditioner in buildings, such as Japan where they have increased the temperature in their buildings up to 26 degrees Celsius. Thailand has also tried to raise the similar campaign several times, for instance the encouragement to the Cabinet to stop wearing suits for meetings. That way, they could ease up on the air conditioning. This campaign has failed as it has never been officially enforced. However, it is accepted that clothing is a key factor that can reduce the use of electricity for air conditioning and consequently reduce the emission of greenhouse gases in energy sector. The concept also encourages domestic textile industry to take the concern over climate change as potential competitive factor

The textile industry in Thailand has continuously generated foreign revenue, especially from exports. However, 60 percent of the garment production is consumed within the country, accounting for more than 600 billion Baht annually. According to the Master and Strategic Plan for Thai garments, while the textile industry must consider the increase of their competitiveness, they also need to be concerned about social and environment along the line with sustainable development. The assessment of life cycle of textile products reveals that major environmental impacts happen from the usage of the products, washing and handling of the garments require more chemicals, water and energy than other cycles. Therefore, the key factor to sustainably develop textile market and production is to incorporate the consumers to chooseenvironmental friendly products.

At present, emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that lead to climate change is of the international interest as it causes the impacts to all countries. Several countries are aware of the adverse effects from global warming and put efforts for mitigation measures. The emission reduction efforts are jointly contributed from manufacturers, farmers as the raw material producer, service sector as the driver of consumption activities, and public as the consumer that can be done through their selection of products or services with lower GHG emissions.

The promotion of textile materials development and the design of garments, especially corporate wear, that are appropriate for hot climate and give comfort to a person wearing it in a building at 25 degree Celsius will reduce the electricity use for air conditioning, as well as directly and indirectly decrease the GHG emission. The products are also suitable for the climate, economy, culture and ways of living of Thai consumers. Therefore, Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (TGO), in collaboration with Thailand Textile Institute (THTI) under the Ministry of Industry and Thai garment producers, have developed CoolMode clothing scheme, giving more options for consumers to select clothing that reduces GHG emission while encouraging the climate-conscious among the producers and textile market in Thailand.

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