The Study of emission factor for an electricity system in Thailand 2010
The Grid Emission Factor of Thailand is a main issue for calculating the Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) of the CDM projects that generate and transmit electricity to the national grid must use an emission factor that represents the quantity of CO2 emits from electricity generation. The CDM project developers in Thailand used the variant grid emission factor values to calculate the CERs by themselves. Consequently, the amounts of CERs are so different and cause problems in the validation process.
In order to support the project developers to use the accurate value of the Thailand Grid Emission Factor for calculating CERs of CDM projects in Thailand. The TGO’s Board appoints the working group for study the emission factor for electricity generation of Thailand in year 2009. The study results are as the following:
Development of Grid Emission Factor
The emission factor of electricity generation can be calculated by Methodological Tool (Version 02.2.1) “Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system” that was approved by the CDM Executive Board on 29 September 2011 (EB 63, Annex 19). The result are shown in the table below.
|CDM Project type||Emission Factor (tCO2/MWh)|
|EFgrid, OM||EFgrid, BM||EFgrid, CM|
|Wind and solar power generation project||0.5996||0.4231||0.5554|
The calculated emission factor can be used for the calculation of emission reductions of CDM projects that generate and transmit electricity to the Thai national grid or replace electricity consumption from the Thai national grid.
|Summary Report The Study of emission factor for an electricity system in Thailand 2010 (Publish Date: 30 December 2011)|